During what period of pregnancy are drugs most likely to cause harm to the Foetus?
Third trimester However, by 26 weeks gestation, the foetal half-life of many drugs is still up to twice that of the mother. Thus, it is not surprising that drug accumulation and potential for foetal toxicity occur in late third trimester.
What happens if a baby is born with drugs in it’s system?
It may not be detected at the time of birth. Other drugs may cause birth defects involving the heart, brain, bowel, or kidneys. Babies who have been exposed to drugs, alcohol, or tobacco are at higher risk for SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome).
What medications are not safe to take during pregnancy?
What medicines should you avoid during pregnancy?
- Bismuth subsalicylate (such as Pepto-Bismol).
- Phenylephrine or pseudoephedrine, which are decongestants.
- Cough and cold medicines that contain guaifenesin.
- Pain medicines like aspirin and ibuprofen (such as Advil and Motrin) and naproxen (such as Aleve).
Which drug should be avoided in pregnancy?
Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) Herbs, minerals, amino acids, and regular vitamins. Isotretinoin (formerly sold as Accutane, now Absorica, Amnesteem, Claravis, Myorisan, Zenatane) taken for acne. Thalidomide (Thalomid) taken for a type of skin disease and multiple myeloma.
What substances cause birth defects?
Each of the following drugs or drug groups may cause birth defects in a developing fetus:
- ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors.
- angiotensin II antagonist.
- isotretinoin (an acne drug)
- high doses of vitamin A.
- male hormones.
What are 4 psychoactive drugs?
Psychoactive drugs include four groups of drugs: depressants like alcohol and sleeping pills; stimulants like nicotine and ecstasy; opioids like heroin and pain medications; and hallucinogens like LSD.
Which type of psychoactive drug has the lowest risk of dependence?
Although hallucinogens may have a lower risk of addiction than other types of psychoactive drugs, they can lead to erratic or risky behavior that may result in a serious injury.