Why do we use iodine in stool microscopy?
Lugol’s Iodine is a rapid, non-specific contrast dye that is added to direct wet mounts of fecal material to aid in differentiating parasitic cysts from host white blood cells. Many protozoa and cysts take up the dye and appear brown while other objects in the sample remain clear.
What is microscopic examination of stool?
Microscopic examination is a diagnostic tool for defining protozoa, helminths, and fecal leukocytes. Erythrocytes and leukocytes are not observed in normal stool. In order to see leukocytes, examinations should be performed in stool samples obtained from the area with mucus.
What is the procedure of stool examination?
For a stool analysis, a stool sample is collected in a clean container and then sent to the laboratory. Laboratory analysis includes microscopic examination, chemical tests, and microbiologic tests. The stool will be checked for color, consistency, amount, shape, odor, and the presence of mucus.
Why is normal saline solution used for microscopic analysis of stool?
– The saline wet mount is used for the initial microscopic examination of stools. It is employed primarily to demonstrate worm eggs, larvae, protozoan trophozoites, and cysts. This type of mount can also reveal the presence of red blood cells and white blood cells.
Why iodine preparation is important in wet preparation?
Once Iodine is added to the preparation, the organism will be killed and no doubt, motility will be lost. Oil immersion examination is not recommended and therefore organism morphology is not so clear.
What does a positive stool test mean?
An abnormal or positive FIT result means that there was blood in your stool at the time of the test. • A colon polyp, a pre-cancerous polyp, or cancer can cause a positive stool test. With a positive test, there is a small chance that you have early-stage colorectal cancer.
Why is stool routine test done?
A routine stool examination is useful in finding the cause of diarrhoea, detecting parasites and knowing the cause of symptoms affecting the gastrointestinal tract.
What is the importance of direct saline and iodine mounts?
Stool is the most common specimen submitted to the diagnostic laboratory for the examination of parasitic infestations. The most commonly performed procedure in parasitology is the ova and parasite (O &P) examination.
Under which of the following conditions would you be most likely to prepare and use a smear quizlet?
Under which of the following conditions would you be most likely to prepare (and use) a smear? Staining bacterial cells to observe under the microscope.
What is the use of iodine?
Iodine is a mineral found in some foods. The body needs iodine to make thyroid hormones. These hormones control the body’s metabolism and many other important functions. The body also needs thyroid hormones for proper bone and brain development during pregnancy and infancy.
What is the purpose of the iodine solution in preparing fresh mounts of cells?
It prevents the slide from drying out when it’s being examined. Iodine stain can be used to stain plant cells to make the internal structures more visible.