Which portion of the brainstem is responsible for the visual and auditory reflexes?

Which portion of the brainstem is responsible for the visual and auditory reflexes?

Midbrain. The midbrain is located above the pons, in the upper area of the brainstem. This area is responsible for assistance in voluntary movement, visual and auditory reflexes, and consciousness. And the lower area of the midbrain relays information about pain and temperature.

What are the functions of medulla and pons?

The hindbrain is composed of the medulla oblongata and the pons. The medulla transmits signals between the spinal cord and the higher parts of the brain; it also controls such autonomic functions as heartbeat and respiration.

What regulates the reflexes that keep us upright?

The vestibular system is an integral component in many of the postural reflexes, especially those that are responsible for upright human posture. The primary function of the vestibular apparatus is to provide sensory input about sustained postural stimulation [50].

What is responsible for visual reflexes?

Superior Colliculus The superior colliculi are primarily involved in vision and visual reflexes. They receive input from the retina, the cerebral cortex (primarily from the frontal lobe eye fields—Brodmann’s area 8), various brainstem nuclei, and the spinal cord.

Which of the following is responsible for visual reflexes?

The part of the brain that controls visual and auditory reflexes is the tectum. It is a small structure in the midbrain found just above the brain…

What is a visual reflex?

Visual reflexes in equilibrium The control of visual reflexes requires the vestibular system. These reflexes allow fixation of gaze upon an object no matter how the head is moving. They require coordination of eye, neck, and upper trunk movements. This can be brought about by the caloric test of vestibular function.

What are the types of visual reflex?

The following are types of visual body reflex:

  • automatic scanning movements of the eyes and head when reading.
  • automatic movement of the eyes, head and neck toward the source of a visual stimulus.
  • protective closing of eyes after a visual stimulus.
  • protective raising of the arm after a visual stimulus.

What does the medulla control?

medulla oblongata, also called medulla, the lowest part of the brain and the lowest portion of the brainstem. The medulla oblongata plays a critical role in transmitting signals between the spinal cord and the higher parts of the brain and in controlling autonomic activities, such as heartbeat and respiration.

Who controls involuntary?

Medulla oblongata
The involuntary actions are controlled mainly by Medulla oblongata. The human brain has three parts namely- forebrain, midbrain and hindbrain. The hindbrain is divided into three parts – Pons, medulla and cerebellum.

What reflex maintains posture?

the stretch reflex and muscle contraction. Note: By sending command to the motor neurons, the brain set a muscle’s length. The stretch reflex makes sure the muscle stay at that length. The stretch reflex is therefore important for maintaining muscle tone and upright posture.