Where is the pain with pericarditis?
Chest pain is the most common symptom of pericarditis. It usually feels sharp or stabbing. However, some people have dull, achy or pressure-like chest pain. The pain usually occurs behind the breastbone or in the left side of your chest.
What is bread and butter pericarditis?
bread-and-but·ter per·i·car·di·um. fibrinous pericarditis in which the visceral and parietal surfaces of the pericardium resemble those of two pieces of buttered bread that have been pressed together and then pulled apart, when they are separated at surgery or necropsy.
What is Dressler’s syndrome?
Dressler syndrome is a type of inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart (pericarditis). Dressler syndrome is believed to be an immune system response after damage to heart tissue or to the sac surrounding the heart (pericardium).
How can you tell the difference between pericarditis and MI?
Another feature that may aid in differentiating acute pericarditis from acute myocardial infarction is the absence of Q waves and the absence of T-wave inversion at the time of ST-segment elevation, both of which classically occur with acute myocardial infarction.
What is the pericardium?
The pericardium is a membrane, or sac, that surrounds your heart. It holds the heart in place and helps it work properly. Problems with the pericardium include: Pericarditis – an inflammation of the sac.
What is effusive constrictive pericarditis?
Introduction. Effusive–constrictive pericarditis is a clinical hemodynamic syndrome in which constriction of the heart by the visceral pericardium occurs in the presence of tense effusion in a free pericardial space.
What viruses can cause pericarditis?
Causative viruses include coxsackievirus B, echovirus, adenoviruses, influenza A and B viruses, enterovirus, mumps virus, Epstein-Barr virus, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1, varicella-zoster virus (VZV), measles virus, parainfluenza virus (PIV) type 2, and respiratory syncytial …
What is Beck’s triad used for?
Beck’s triad is associated with the development of acute cardiac tamponade, a medical emergency caused by the compression of the heart due to a build-up of fluid, blood, or air in the pericardial sac.
What is a heart rub?
A pericardial friction rub is a grating, to-and-fro sound produced by friction of the heart against the pericardium. The sound is similar to that of sandpaper rubbed on wood. Such a sound usually indicates pericarditis.
Is there a way to prevent pericarditis?
Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent pericarditis. But, regarding the fact that you had pericarditis caused by virus, I suggest you to live healthy lifestyle, because your immune system will be strong and ale to fight against microorganisms. This means that you need to eat healthy food and do some exercise.
Can pericarditis be fatal?
Pericarditis may result in one of two serious complications: cardiac tamponade and chronic constrictive pericarditis. Cardiac tamponade is considered a medical emergency and, if left untreated, can quickly become fatal.
What is the outer layer of the pericardium?
Parietal pericardium. The outer layer of the pericardium, called the parietal pericardium, consists of an outer layer of strong, thick connective tissue (called the fibrous pericardium) and an inner serous layer (the serous pericardium).
What is a pericardial disease?
Pericardial disease, or pericarditis, is inflammation of any of the layers of the pericardium. The pericardium is a thin tissue sac that surrounds the heart and consists of: What Causes Pericarditis? For some people, no cause can be found. Pericarditis can be acute (occurring suddenly) or chronic (long-standing).