When did Silesia become German?
The Silesia region was part of the Prussian realm since 1740 and established as an official province in 1815. It became part of the German Empire in 1871. This is the region featured in this article.
Is Silesia a Czech?
Czech Silesia is one of the three historical regions making up the Czech Republic. In the Czech context, it is often called simply “Silesia” (Slezsko in Czech). Silesia’s borders have changed over the centuries and the region belonged to several states throughout its history.
What was the problem of Upper Silesia?
Upper Silesia was disputed by Poland and Germany for a number of reasons including: ❖ As a result of the Paris Peace Settlement, the boundaries of many countries were redrawn. ❖ Upper Silesia was on the border of Germany and Poland and both nationalities lived there, which caused conflict.
Who speaks Silesian?
Silesian is a Slavic language spoken by about 500,000 people in a region of Poland known as Silesia. Because the region had been home to a large German population until World War II, and because it neighbors the Czech Republic, it consists largely of German and Czech vocabulary.
What does Zawiercie mean?
Zawiercie [zaˈvʲɛrt͡ɕɛ] is a city in the Silesian Voivodeship of southern Poland with 51,880 inhabitants (2011). It is situated in the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland near the source of the Warta River. The city has also historically been known by the names Zaveyurchy, Zavertse, Zavirtcha, and Zavyerche.
What happened to Zawiercie’s Jews?
The situation did not improve until 1927 when Zawiercie County, part of Kielce Voivodeship, was created. On the eve of the Second World War there were 7,000 Jews in Zawiercie – about a quarter of its residents. They made their living primarily from trade, crafts, the clothing industry and the metal industry.
Why was Zawiercie renamed Warthenau in 1939?
During the German invasion of Poland, which started World War II, the Germans entered Zawiercie on 4 September 1939. The town was directly annexed to the Upper Silesia Province ( Regierungsbezirk Oppeln ), and its name was changed to Warthenau to erase traces of Polish origin.
Where is zonezawiercie located?
Zawiercie has the area of 85 square kilometers, and until 1945, the town was administratively tied with Lesser Poland’s Kielce. It is located along the Warsaw–Vienna railway, and is a road hub, on the National Road Nr.