What were Soviet political officers called?

What were Soviet political officers called?

In English, the transliteration “commissar” often refers specifically to the political commissars of Soviet and Eastern-bloc armies or to the people’s commissars (effectively government ministers), while administrative officers are called “commissaries”.

What are political officers?

Political Officers are negotiators who interpret host country politics and advise on international issues. They keep a trained eye on the political climate in the host country and decipher events as they relate to U.S. interests, negotiations and policies.

Who was the commissar of war?

Leon Trotsky
Photograph of Trotsky from the cover of the magazine Prozhektor in January 1924
People’s Commissar of Military and Naval Affairs of the Soviet Union
In office 14 March 1918 – 25 January 1925
Premier Vladimir Lenin Alexei Rykov

What is a commissar person?

Definition of commissar 1a : a Communist party official assigned to a military unit to teach party principles and policies and to ensure party loyalty. b : one that attempts to control public opinion or its expression. 2 : the head of a government department in the U.S.S.R. until 1946.

What rank was a commissar?

Army commissar 1st rank (Russian: Армейский комиссар 1-го ранга), was a political rank in the Soviet Red Army, equivalent to the military rank of Komandarm 1st rank, and comparable to NATO OF-9.

How do I become a commissar?

After attaining suitable age and education at one of the many Schola Progenium institutions, a potential commissar is assigned to a regiment in the Imperial Guard at the rank of commissar cadet (akin to the rank of private in the Guard), and under the tutelage of either the regiment’s commanding officer, or another …

How do you become a political officer?

A successful political officer analyzes trends and, using excellent writing skills, makes recommendations to Washington on opportunities to advance U.S. policy objectives in the country or region.

How do I become a public diplomacy officer?

Eight Steps to Becoming a Foreign Service Officer (FSO)

  1. Choose a Career Track.
  2. Register for the Foreign Service Officer Test (FSOT)
  3. Take the Foreign Service Officer Test (FSOT)
  4. Submit Personal Narratives for the QEP Review.
  5. Take the Foreign Service Oral Assessment.
  6. Clearances: Medical and Security.
  7. Suitability Review Panel.

What was Hitler’s Commissar Order?

The Commissar Order (German: Kommissarbefehl ) was an order issued by the German High Command (OKW) on 6 June 1941 before Operation Barbarossa. Its official name was Guidelines for the Treatment of Political Commissars (Richtlinien für die Behandlung politischer Kommissare).

What was Joseph Stalin’s role in the Russian Revolution?

Joseph Stalin during the Russian Revolution, Civil War, and the Polish–Soviet War. After being elected to the Bolshevik Central Committee in April 1917, Stalin helped Lenin to evade capture by authorities and ordered the besieged Bolsheviks to surrender to avoid a bloodbath.

What is a Russian commissar?

In the military, a political commissar or political officer (or politruk, a portmanteau word from Russian: политический руководитель, pronounced politicheskiy rukovoditel, translated “political leader”, “political official”) is a supervisory officer responsible for the political education (ideology) and organization of …

Who was in charge of the Cheka?

Feliz Dzerzhinsky
The Cheka was the Bolshevik security force or secret police. It was formed by Vladimir Lenin in a December 1917 decree and charged with identifying and dealing with potential counter-revolutionaries. 2. The Cheka was headed by Feliz Dzerzhinsky, a Bolshevik of Polish extraction.

What is a political officer?

The Political Officer is an officer attached to a unit, usually outside the regular chain of command. His job is to ensure that the regular soldiers and officers follow the orders of the government. In essence, this is another method of civilian control of the military.

What is a Russian political officer?

In the military, a political commissar or political officer (or politruk, a portmanteau from Russian: политический руководитель, “political leader”, “political official”), is a supervisory officer responsible for the political education (ideology) and organization of the unit they are assigned to, and intended to ensure civilian control of the

What was the political structure of the Soviet Union?

Soviet Political Hierarchy. The government and politics of the Soviet, also referred as the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics is broadly characterized by the superior role of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, abbreviated as the CPSU .