What was the major difference between the first and second new deals?
The overall goals of both of the New Deals were to relieve, reform, and recover the United States from the Great Depression. The primary goal of the First New Deal was to help the United States from the Great Depression, while the Second New Deal was to reform the economy.
What was the first and second New Deal?
Many historians distinguish between a First New Deal (1933 and a Second New Deal (1935, with the second one more liberal and more controversial. The First New Deal (1933 dealt with the pressing banking crises through the Emergency Banking Act and the 1933 Banking Act.
What was the purpose of the Second New Deal?
In his address to Congress in January 1935, Roosevelt called for five major goals: improved use of national resources, security against old age, unemployment and illness, and slum clearance, national work relief program (the Works Progress Administration) to replace direct relief efforts.
What were some possible unintended consequences of the New Deal?
The New Deal did at first increase employment early on, but later measures to help pay for the programs limited growth of private industries. Taxes were massively increased on consumer goods, reducing the multiplicative benefit from the government hiring unemployed workers.
What is the difference between relief recovery and reform?
It focused on three areas – relief, recovery and reform: Relief programs to help immediately. Relief programs attempted to employ people. Reform programs involved legislation that focused on banks, labor and labor unions.
Why was the second New Deal so popular?
why was the second new deal so popular? making it much easier for workers to organize unions and the New Deal included the most sweeping labor laws ever passed, mandating a 40-hour workweek, minimum wage, overtime pay and an end to child labor.
How did the second New Deal affect farmers?
The New Deal created new lines of credit to help distressed farmers save their land and plant their fields. It helped tenant farmers secure credit to buy the lands they worked. It built roads and bridges to help transport crops, and hospitals for communities that had none.
What was the second New Deal quizlet?
Terms in this set (6) A new set of programs promoted by FDR in the spring of 1935 including additional banking reforms, new tax laws, new relief programs; also known as the Second Hundred Days. A New Deal agency that helped create 9 million jobs working on bridges, roads, and buildings.
How did New Deal policies affect organized labor?
How did New Deal policies affect organized labor? New Deal labor laws gave unions greater power to organize and negotiate with employers. As a result, unions grew in size and joined with other groups in the New Deal coalition.
What were three different groups affected by the new deal?
Women, African Americans, Mexican Americans, Native Americans, and workers from all walks of life were greatly affected by the New Deal.
What new roles did the American government take on during the New Deal?
The new deal expanded governments role in our economy, by giving it the power to regulate previously unregulated areas of commerce. Those primarily being banking, agriculture and housing. Along with it was the creation of new programs like social security and welfare aid for the poor.
How did the new deal affect minorities quizlet?
How did the new deal affect African Americans? Less production of crops, which caused farmers to evict unneeded blacks from their farms. African Americans didn’t receive equal wages.
Why was the New Deal important quizlet?
The popularity of the new deal programs was so great. Because the New Deal increased the power of the federal government. It meant that the local and state governments had less power. It also meant that the federal government had more control over individuals and over private organizations.