What is the religious history of Austria?
Religious freedom was declared a constitutional right in Cisleithania after the Austro-Hungarian Ausgleich in 1867 thus paying tribute to the fact that the monarchy was home of numerous religions beside Roman Catholicism such as Greek, Serbian, Romanian, Russian, and Bulgarian Orthodox Christians (Austria neighbored …
Was Salzburg in the Holy Roman Empire?
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The Prince-Archbishopric of Salzburg (German: Fürsterzbistum Salzburg) was an ecclesiastical principality and state of the Holy Roman Empire.
What choice did the Catholic bishop give to the Protestants living in Salzburg Austria?
Final expulsion in 1731. In 1731, Prince-Archbishop Leopold Anton von Firmian decided to expel all remaining Protestants living in Salzburg. The expulsion edict was issued on October 31, 1731, the 214th anniversary of the start of the Protestant Reformation.
What is special about Salzburg?
Salzburg enjoys a special fame in the world of music as the birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. This rich musical heritage is reflected in attractions such as the museum in his family home, various festivals showcasing his music, and even the melodies that ring out daily on the glockenspiel.
Why is it called Salzburg?
The name Salzburg means “Salt Castle” (Latin: Salis Burgium). The name derives from the barges carrying salt on the River Salzach, which were subject to a toll in the 8th century as was customary for many communities and cities on European rivers.
Was Salzburg ever part of Germany?
During the Middle Ages, Salzburg prospered and developed increasing autonomy. Finally, it ceded from Bavaria in the 14th century. Since then, Salzburg was an independent principality and church-state within the German Empire, not to be confused with modern Germany.
Who was the Holy Roman Emperor during the 30 years war?
Ferdinand II, the Holy Roman emperor (1619–37) and the king of Bohemia, was the leading champion of the Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation and absolutist rule during the Thirty Year’s War.
What did Bohemia do that started the Thirty Years War?
The so-called Defenestration of Prague (fenestration: the windows and doors in a building) was the beginning of open revolt in the Bohemian states – who had the backing of Sweden and Denmark-Norway – and the beginning of the Thirty Years’ War.
How many churches are there in Salzburg?
There are 22 Churches in the Old Town of Salzburg. If you have been to Salzburg, you know that the old town is small.
What happened in 1731 in Salzburg?
In 1731, Roman Catholic Bishop of Lavant, Leopold Anton Eleutherius Von Firmian (the then Prince Archbishop of Salzburg) decreed that all Protestants residing within the city should either adopt Catholic beliefs, or be expelled.
What is the history of Salzburg?
At the beginning of the 19th century, Emperor Napoleon played an important part in the history of Salzburg. His victorious battles resulted in Salzburg coming under the rule of Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany in 1803.
Who is the patron saint of Salzburg?
Rupert became the city′s bishop, launched St. Peter′s Abbey and is until today the patron saint of Salzburg. The name Salzburg is documented since 755 AD. In 1077, work on the Fortress started. In 1166 a dispute between the archbishop of Salzburg and the German Emperor Barbarossa peaked in an arson that destroyed most of the city.
What happened in Salzburg during the Protestant Reformation?
Salzburg was the seat of the Archbishopric of Salzburg, a prince-bishopric of the Holy Roman Empire. As the Reformation movement gained steam, riots broke out among peasants in the areas in and around Salzburg. The city was occupied during the German Peasants’ War, and the Archbishop had to flee to the safety of the fortress.