What is the most common and potentially serious complication of antineoplastic medications?
Many of the medications used to manage the most common toxicities of antineoplastic therapies further alter body functions and can perpetuate a decline in functioning. One of the most common side effects of many antineoplastic drugs therapies is nausea/vomiting (N/V).
Are antineoplastic drugs hazardous?
Antineoplastic drugs, also known as chemotherapy, cytotoxic and oncology drugs, are used to treat cancer, as well as arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and other non-cancer medical conditions. Most antineoplastic drugs are classified by NIOSH as hazardous drugs.
When should an antiemetic drug be given to a patient receiving antineoplastic drugs?
Adult patients treated with multiday antineoplastic agents should be offered antiemetics before treatment that are appropriate for the emetic risk of the antineoplastic agent given on each day of the antineoplastic treatment and for 2 days after completion of the antineoplastic regimen.
Which antineoplastic drug is contraindicated in cats?
Cisplatin is contraindicated in cats due to the possibility of fatal pulmonary edema. The dose of cisplatin is 50 to 70 mg/m 2 IV every 3 weeks for 4 treatments (can be used in conjunction with doxorubicin for osteosarcoma).
How do you handle antineoplastic drugs?
Avoid skin contact with liquid antineoplastic drugs by always wearing two pairs of chemotherapy gloves and a nonabsorbent gown with a closed front and tight fitting cuffs during administration activities.
What are three types of hazardous drugs?
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. The format for the 2014 list was revised to include three groups of hazardous drugs: (1) Antineoplastic drugs; (2) Non-antineoplastic hazardous drugs; and (3) Drugs with reproductive effects.
Is dexamethasone an antiemetic?
Dexamethasone, a synthetic glucocorticoid, is a clinically effective antiemetic for postoperative (1), chemotherapy-induced (2), and radiation-induced (3) emesis.
Which class of drugs is used along with commonly prescribed antiemetics to prevent nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy select all that apply?
Ondansetron is used to prevent nausea and vomiting caused by cancer chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. Ondansetron is in a class of medications called serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonists. It works by blocking the action of serotonin, a natural substance that may cause nausea and vomiting.