What is the management of poisoning?
The general approach to the poisoned patient can be divided into six phases: (1) stabilization; (2) laboratory assessment; (3) decontamination of the gastrointestinal tract, skin, or eyes; (4) administration of an antidote; (5) elimination enhancement of the toxin; and (6) observation and disposition.
What is the first aid priority when managing a casualty who has been poisoned?
Immediately get the person to fresh air, without placing yourself at risk. Loosen any tight clothing at the neck. Open doors and windows, if indoors. Avoid breathing fumes.
What are three medical interventions used to treat the patients with food poisoning?
Treatment of food poisoning may include: Replacement of lost fluids. Fluids and electrolytes — minerals such as sodium, potassium and calcium that maintain the balance of fluids in your body — lost to persistent diarrhea need to be replaced.
What is the most common route of poisoning?
How a person is exposed to a poison is called the “route of exposure.” The most common route of exposure to a poisonous substance is through eating or drinking (ingestion).
What is the first aid management for hypothermia?
First aid for hypothermia: Cover the person completely with foil or a space blanket, or use your own body heat to help warm him/her. Use warm compresses on the neck, chest, and groin. Give warm, sweet fluids. (Any fluids given should be nonalcoholic, as alcohol interferes with the blood’s circulation.)
When should antidote be administered?
Antidotes. Antidote administration is appropriate when there is a poisoning for which an antidote exists, when the actual or predicted severity of the poisoning warrants its use, when expected benefits of therapy outweigh its associated risk, and when there are no contraindications.
What are the nursing management of food poisoning?
Take bland and easy to digest foods. Avoid alcoholic,caffeinated or sugary drinks. Replace fluids lost by diarrhoea or vomiting by drinking water or oral rehydration therapy. . Don’t take antibiotics or anti-diarrhea medications before consulting a doctor.
How do you give first aid for poison poisoning?
If the person starts having convulsions, give convulsion first aid. Keep the person comfortable. The person should be rolled onto the left side, and remain there while getting or waiting for medical help. If the poison has spilled on the person’s clothes, remove the clothing and flush the skin with water. Call for emergency help.
How do you give first aid to an unconscious person?
If necessary, perform first aid for eye injuries or convulsion first aid. If the person vomits, clear the person’s airway. Wrap a cloth around your fingers before cleaning out the mouth and throat. Even if the person seems perfectly fine, get medical help. Give an unconscious person anything by mouth.
What should you do if you spill poison on someone?
If the poison has spilled on the person’s clothes, remove the clothing and flush the skin with water. Call for emergency help. Never attempt to rescue a person without notifying others first.
What should you do if you have been poisoned by a plant?
Wrap a cloth around your fingers before cleaning out the mouth and throat. If the person has been sick from a plant part, save the vomit. It may help experts identify what medicine can be used to help reverse the poisoning.