What is the loss tangent of FR4?
The dielectric loss tangent of the FR-4 substrate is around 0.02. This makes the board impractical to use above 2 GHz due to high losses. The dielectric constant of the FR-4 is also frequency dependent and varies with frequency.
What is loss tangent formula?
The effect of the dipole moment in a dielectric substrate is termed Loss Tangent. The formula for Loss Tangent or the Dissipation Factor is: where δ is the loss angle, θ is the phase angle, f is the frequency, Rp is the equivalent parallel resistance, and Cp is the equivalent parallel capacitance.
What is loss tangent in PCB?
A material’s loss tangent gives a measure of power lost due to the material. The lower a material’s loss tangent, the less power lost. The Tan δ of most PCB materials range from 0.02 for most commonly used materials to 0.001 for very low-loss high-end materials.
How do you calculate dielectric loss tangent?
In the table, the quality factor Q is reciprocal of dielectric loss tangent; Q = 1/tan δ. As the tan δ is proportional to frequency for ionic paraelectric materials, the product of Q and frequency is the value inherent to each material.
What is NEMA grade FR4?
NP510A (NEMA FR-4) combines a woven glass fabric and an epoxy resin laminate (Tg approximately 130°C) that contains bromine. The product provides consistent quality and good electrical properties under dry and humid conditions, as well as high flexural, impact, and bond strength at room temperatures.
What is the density of FR4?
|Specific gravity/density||1.850 g/cm3 (0.0668 lb/cu in)|
|Water absorption||−0.125 in < 0.10%|
|Temperature index||140 °C (284 °F)|
|Thermal conductivity, through-plane||0.29 W/(m·K), 0.343 W/(m·K)|
What is loss tangent?
Loss tangent The loss tangent is then defined as the ratio (or angle in a complex plane) of the lossy reaction to the electric field E in the curl equation to the lossless reaction: . For dielectrics with small loss, this angle is ≪ 1 and tan δ ≈ δ.
What is loss tangent of a material mention the significance of loss tangent?
1. The quantity tanδ is referred to as the loss tangent. Note that loss tangent is zero for a lossless (σ≡0) material, and increases with increasing loss. Thus, loss tangent provides an alternative way to quantify the effect of loss on the electromagnetic field within a material.
What is loss tangent and loss angle?
What is fr4 PCB?
FR-4 is a common material for printed circuit boards (PCBs). A thin layer of copper foil is typically laminated to one or both sides of an FR-4 glass epoxy panel. These are commonly referred to as copper clad laminates. The copper thickness or copper weight can vary and so is specified separately.
How do you calculate dielectric loss?
Dielectric loss is measured using what is known as the loss tangent or tan delta (tan δ). In simple terms, tan delta is the tangent of the angle between the alternating field vector and the loss component of the material. The higher the value of tan δ the greater the dielectric loss will be.