What is the condensed structural formula for pentane?

What is the condensed structural formula for pentane?


Name Molecular Formula (C nH 2 n + 2) Condensed Structural Formula
pentane C 5H 12 CH 3CH 2CH 2CH 2CH 3
hexane C 6H 14 CH 3CH 2CH 2CH 2CH 2CH 3
heptane C 7H 16 CH 3CH 2CH 2CH 2CH 2CH 2CH 3
octane C 8H 18 CH 3CH 2CH 2CH 2CH 2CH 2CH 2CH 3

How do you write a structural formula from a condensed formula?

  1. Step 1: Draw the 2-dimensional structural formula for the molecule.
  2. Step 2: Identify the carbon backbone (or skeleton) and any branches or side-chains in the structural formula.
  3. Step 3: Identify groups of atoms along the carbon backbone in the 2-dimensional structural formula.

What is CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3?

For example, the chemical compound n-hexane has the structural formula CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3, which shows that it has 6 carbon atoms arranged in a straight chain, and 14 hydrogen atoms. Hexane’s molecular formula is C6H14, and its empirical formula is C3H7, showing a C:H ratio of 3:7.

How is Pentane made?

Abstract. Pentane (CAS 109-66-0) is principally derived from crude oil and is classified as an aliphatic hydrocarbon. It is a colorless, volatile petroleum distillate that is relatively soluble in water and is present as a major component of gasoline.

What is a condensed structural formula give an example?

In other words, we write it down in simply one line listing the atoms in the order which they occupy in the molecule. For instance, the condensed structural formula of methane is CH4 and propanol is CH3 (CH2)2OH. …

How many structural isomers are there for pentane?

Pentane is an alkane with five carbon atoms. It has three constitutional isomers, shown below.