What is the botanical name of a subterranean clover?

What is the botanical name of a subterranean clover?

Trifolium subterraneum
Trifolium subterraneum/Scientific names
Subterranean Clover (Trifolium subterraneum) is a ground-hugging plant with broad leaflets, 6-22 mm long, and few-flowered heads of white flowers that form globular buried burrs.

Is subterranean clover edible?

Edible Uses Leaves – raw or cooked.

Is sub clover a legume?

Annual life cycle: Sub-clover is an annual legume, which germinates in autumn and completes seed production in spring/early summer (timing depends on the cultivar). Persistence over seasons: Sub-clover is a reliable seed producer.

How does subterranean clover spread?

Subterranean clover is a cool-season annual legume. Seeds germinate in the fall after the first rains and growth is rapid through the winter months. It grows in densely matted clumps that are 6-15 inches tall and spread through rootless runners reaching up to 3 feet in length (Sattell et al., 1998).

Is there clover in Australia?

Origin of Australia’s subterranean clovers Subterranean clover is not native to Australia, but occurs naturally in the Mediterranean basin and surrounding areas. It was accidentally introduced into Australia in the 19th century by the early settlers and was first commercialised in the early 1900s.

How do you plant a clover subterranean?

Subterranean clover should be planted in the fall before the first rain. If rain is not forecasted, irrigation is recommended to speed up germination and increase fall growth. For best stand establishment, seed should be broadcast or drilled in narrow rows into a smooth, firm seedbed at a depth of no more than ½ inch.

Does red clover overwinter?

Adaption. Red clover is adapted to many different environments. It is winter hardy in USDA Hardiness Zone 4, which means red clover survives the winter in all of Pennsylvania. Red clover does best on well-drained soil, but it also tolerates poorly drained soil.

What are the subspecies of subterranean clover?

Subterranean clover is divided in three subspecies, namely subterraneum (the most frequent, well adapted to acid and neutral soils), brachycalicinum (better adapted to cracking neutral-alkaline soils), and yanninicum (better adapted to water-soaked acid soils) ( Nichols, 2007; Jaritz, 1982 ).

Does Clover fix nitrogen in soil?

Subterranean clover plants are legumes and, as such, have the capacity to fix nitrogen in soil. Nitrogen availability is crucial for much of a plant’s growth. Subterranean clover ( Trifolium subterraneum) is a plant that spreads through underground stolons, or specialized stems, which fix nitrogen.

How do you get rid of subterranean clover?

Subterranean clover plants can be difficult to manage if you wish to kill the stand. Organic control is primarily through mowing, hand pulling and deep tillage at mid-bloom. Adding nitrogen to soil is one of the primary subterranean clover uses.

What type of soil is best for sub clovers?

Type of sub clover: Subterranean sub clovers are adapted to neutral to moderately acid soils; Brachycalycinum sub clovers are best suited to neutral to alkaline soils; Yanninicum types of sub clover are especially suited to poorly drained waterlogged soils.