What is meant by prophylaxis in medical?
Medical Definition of prophylaxis : measures designed to preserve health and prevent the spread of disease : protective or preventive treatment prophylaxis against viral diseases a paste containing fluorine for dental prophylaxis.
What does prophylaxis used for?
Prophylactic: A preventive measure. The word comes from the Greek for “an advance guard,” an apt term for a measure taken to fend off a disease or another unwanted consequence. A prophylactic is a medication or a treatment designed and used to prevent a disease from occurring.
Which drug is used as prophylaxis?
Drugs used for Infection Prophylaxis
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Is prophylaxis an antibiotic?
Antibiotic Prophylaxis. Antibiotic prophylaxis is the use of antibiotics before surgery or a dental procedure to prevent a bacterial infection. This practice isn’t as widespread as it was even 10 years ago.
What is prophylaxis dosing?
ADMINISTRATION AND DOSING SCHEDULES. Prophylaxis is the regular infusion of clotting factor concentrates in an attempt to raise clotting factor levels and to keep them at 1% or higher at all times.
What do prophylactic antibiotics do?
Prophylactic antibiotics are antibiotics that you take to prevent infection. Normally, you take antibiotics when you have an infection. Your doctor may give you antibiotics ahead of time to prevent infection in some situations where your risk of infection is high.
What is an example of prophylaxis?
In medicine, the term prophylactic is used to describe procedures and treatment that prevent something from happening. This can include surgeries, dental cleanings, vaccines, and birth control. For example, a prophylactic hepatitis vaccine prevents the patient from getting hepatitis.
Is amoxicillin a prophylactic antibiotic?
For oral and dental procedures, the standard prophylactic regimen is a single dose of oral amoxicillin (2 g in adults and 50 mg per kg in children), but a follow-up dose is no longer recommended. Clindamycin and other alternatives are recommended for use in patients who are allergic to penicillin.
Is amoxicillin a prophylactic antibiotics?
When is antibiotic prophylaxis recommended?
Antibiotic prophylaxis is warranted for some patients with cardiac conditions and compromised immunity when undergoing dental procedures that involve the manipulation of gingival tissue or the periapical region of teeth or perforation of oral mucosa.