What is calcium gluconate an antidote for?

What is calcium gluconate an antidote for?

Calcium gluconate is used as a cardioprotective agent in high blood potassium. Calcium gluconate is the antidote for magnesium sulfate toxicity.

What is the purpose of calcium gluconate?

What is calcium gluconate? Calcium is a mineral that is found naturally in foods. Calcium is necessary for many normal functions of the body, especially bone formation and maintenance. Calcium gluconate is used to prevent or to treat calcium deficiencies.

Why do you give calcium gluconate slowly?

To avoid undesirable reactions that may follow rapid intravenous administration of calcium gluconate, the drug should be given slowly, e.g., approximately 1.5 mL over a period of one minute.

What is the action of calcium gluconate?

What Is Calcium Gluconate and How Does It Work? Calcium gluconate is the calcium salt of gluconic acid, an intravenous medication used to treat conditions arising from calcium deficiencies such as hypocalcemic tetany, hypocalcemia related to hypoparathyrodism, and hypocalcemia due to rapid growth or pregnancy.

Why use calcium gluconate in hyperkalemia?

Calcium antagonizes the cardiotoxicity of hyperkalemia by stabilizing the cardiac cell membrane against undesirable depolarization.

Why do we give calcium gluconate for hyperkalemia?

Calcium gluconate Calcium increases the threshold potential, thus restoring the normal gradient between threshold potential and resting membrane potential, which is abnormally elevated in hyperkalemia. Onset of action is within 5 minutes, and duration of action is about 30-60 minutes.

Do you give calcium gluconate for hypokalemia?

Expect that EKG changes will return in 15 to 30 minutes if other measures are not taken to reduce serum potassium levels quickly. Administer sodium bicarbonate 1 to 2 mEq/Kg (max: 50-100 mEq/dose) IV over 5 to 10 minutes. Do not administer with calcium gluconate as is not compatible.

How does calcium reduce potassium?

Moderate to severe hyperkalemia Calcium is given intravenously to protect the heart, but calcium does not lower the potassium level. Then insulin and glucose are given, which move potassium from blood into cells, thus lowering the potassium level in blood.

Why is calcium gluconate given after blood transfusion?

The liver converts citrate to bicarbonate, thereby releasing calcium ions to facilitate the clotting ability of the blood. However, a massive blood transfusion overwhelms this process. For this reason, calcium needs to be replaced to maintain an ionised calcium level of more than 1.1 mmol/L (NBA 2011).

What is the role of calcium gluconate in hyperkalemia?

Calcium gluconate should be used as a first-line agent in patients with EKG changes or severe hyperkalemia to protect cardiomyocytes. Insulin and glucose combination is the fastest acting drug that shifts potassium into the cells. B-agonists can be used in addition to insulin to decrease plasma potassium levels.

What is calcium gluconate injection used for?

Calcium Gluconate in Sodium Chloride Injection is a form of calcium indicated for pediatric and adult patients for the treatment of acute symptomatic hypocalcemia. Limitations of Use: The safety of Calcium Gluconate Injection for long term use has not been established.

What is calicalcium gluconate?

Calcium Gluconate is the gluconate salt of calcium. An element or mineral necessary for normal nerve, muscle, and cardiac function, calcium as the gluconate salt helps to maintain calcium balance and prevent bone loss when taken orally. This agent may also be chemopreventive for colon and other cancers. (NCI04)

What causes calcinosis cutis after the administration of calcium gluconate?

Intravenous administration of Calcium Gluconate in Sodium Chloride Injection and local trauma may result in calcinosis cutis due to transient increase in local calcium concentration.

What are the side effects of calcium gluconate IV administration?

Rapid intravenous (IV) administration may lead to more severe immediate reactions than long-term oral dosing. Oral calcium is more likely to lead to adverse gastrointestinal effects. Many of the side effects of calcium gluconate are similar to signs of elevated levels of calcium in the bloodstream (hypercalcemia).