What is an integrated coastal management plan?

What is an integrated coastal management plan?

Integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) is a dynamic, multidisciplinary and iterative process to promote sustainable management of coastal zones. It covers the full cycle of information collection, planning (in its broadest sense), decision making, management and monitoring of implementation.

What are the principles of integrated coastal zone management?

ICZM is based upon fundamental premises and principles….5. PRINCIPLES AND PREMISES

  • 5.1 Principle 1: The coastal area is a unique resource system which requires special management and planning approaches.
  • 5.2 Principle 2: Water is the major integrating force in coastal resource systems.

What are the objectives of integrated coastal management?

The primary goal of the NICMP is to achieve sustainable development of the country’s coastal areas and improve the quality of life for coastal populations through: strengthening governance; improving interagency and multi-sectoral coordination; promoting policy and functional integration; reducing multiple use …

What are the aims of the ICZM project?

A major objective of ICZM is to coordinate the initiatives of the various coastal economic sectors (e.g., shipping, agriculture, fisheries) toward long-term optimal socio- economic outcomes, including resolution of conflicts between sectors and arranging beneficial trade-offs.

What is the difference between SMP and ICZM?

ICZM works with the concept of littoral cells, or sediment cells. The SMP area is further divided into sub-cells. SMPs extend across council boundaries, so many councils must work together on an agreed SMP to manage an extended stretch of coastline.

Why coastal zone is needed to be managed?

Objective of Coastal Zone Management The prime objective of CZM is to create balance between development needs and protection of natural resources which means if coastal ecosystems are manage through the guiding principles of sustainability then livelihoods of millions will be protected and their survival guaranteed.

What is the purpose of marine spatial planning?

Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) is a public process of analyzing and allocating the spatial and temporal distribution of human activities in marine areas to achieve ecological, economic and social objectives that have been specified through a political process.

Why is coastal zone management important?

Coastal zone management involves managing coastal areas to balance environmental, economic, human health, and human activities. The goals of the CZMA are to “preserve, protect, develop, enhance, and restore where possible, the coastal resources.”

What is the importance of the coastal zone?

A coastal zone is the interface between the land and water. These zones are important because a majority of the world’s population inhabit such zones. Coastal zones are continually changing because of the dynamic interaction between the oceans and the land.

What is the rationale behind ICZM?

ICZM seeks, over the long-term, to balance environmental, economic, social, cultural and recreational objectives, all within the limits set by natural dynamics. ‘Integrated’ in ICZM refers to the integration of objectives and also to the integration of the many instruments needed to meet these objectives.

Why are SMPs used to manage coastlines?

Consequently the SMPs provide a ‘route map’ assisting local authorities to formulate planning strategies and control future development of the shoreline. In addition, the final plans aid government to determine future national funding requirements for flood and coastal erosion risk management.

What is coastal and marine spatial planning?

Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning (CMSP) is about proper use and management of ocean and coastal spaces based on publicly agreed upon goals and objectives. It is about ensuring that marine uses are compatible and occur in areas where environmental effects are avoided or minimized.