What indigenous groups are in Ecuador?

What indigenous groups are in Ecuador?

Minority and indigenous groups include 14 distinct indigenous peoples – including Tsáchila, Chachi, Epera, Awa, Quichua, Shuar, Achuar, Shiwiar, Cofán, Siona, Secoya, Zápara, Andoa y Waorani, and Afro-Ecuadorians (7.2 per cent).

Are Ecuadorians indigenous?

Indigenous peoples in Ecuador, or Native Ecuadorians, are the groups of people who were present in what became Ecuador before the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Genetic analysis indicates that Ecuadorian Mestizos are of predominantly indigenous ancestry.

What percentage of people are indigenous in Ecuador?

Approximately 40 to 65 percent of the population is mestizo, a mix of indigenous and Spanish ancestry. Another 20 to 25 percent of Ecuadorians define themselves as indigenous. Four percent of Ecuador’s population lives in the Amazon Basin (also known as the Oriente).

When was conaie formed?

Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador/Founded
CONAIE was founded at a convention of some 500 indigenous representatives on November 13–16, 1986. Initially explicitly rejecting the use of the electoral process, CONAIE developed an economic and political strategy to redefine and implement participatory democracy.

What indigenous languages are spoken in Ecuador?

Two indigenous languages, Quechua and Shuar, will be official languages of Ecuador along with Spanish.

How many indigenous languages are spoken in Ecuador?

10 indigenous languages
Quichua and Shuar (both of which are official intercultural languages) as well as other ancestral languages are spoken by the country’s indigenous people. More than 10 indigenous languages exist in Ecuador, and several of these will likely persist as mother tongues.

Where do indigenous peoples live in Ecuador?

Indigenous Peoples in Ecuador 24.1% of the Indigenous population live in the Amazon, divided into 10 nationalities. Of the Andean Kichwa population, 7.3% live in the Southern Mountains and 8.3% in the Coastal region and on the Galapagos Islands.

What is the race of Ecuadorians?

The main ethnic groups of Ecuador include a number of indigenous-language-speaking populations (often referred to as indigenous peoples or Amerindians) and highland and lowland Spanish-speaking mestizos (people of mixed indigenous and European descent). Ethnicity in Ecuador is often a matter of self-identification.

What is the most important indigenous language of Ecuador?

The most widely spoken language in Ecuador is Spanish, more than 2.3 million use it as their primary language. Besides Spanish, there are about 24 other indigenous languages also in use here.

What ethnic groups live in Ecuador?

Ethnic Groups Of Ecuador

Rank Ethnic Group Share of Population in Ecuador
1 Mestizo 72%
2 Montubio 7%
3 African Ecuadorian 7%
4 Native South American 7%