What does Craigs test measure?

What does Craigs test measure?

Craig’s test is a passive test that is used to measure femoral anteversion or forward torsion of the femoral neck. It is also known as ‘Trochanteric Prominence Angle Test (TPAT)’. Femoral anteversion is the angle between the femoral neck and femoral shaft, indicating the degree of torsion of the femur.

What is the Ryder test?

Ryder’s test—clinical evaluation procedure used to measure femoral anteversion.

What is normal femoral anteversion?

Femoral anteversion averages between 30-40° at birth, and between 8-14° in adults 1, with males having a slightly less femoral anteversion than females 2.

How is femoral Retroversion treated?

An excessive femoral retroversion can place stress on hip and knee joints, often leading to joint pain and abnormal wear. In these situations, a surgical procedure known as a femoral osteotomy may be used. This surgery includes cutting and realigning the femur.

What is excessive anteversion?

Excessive femoral anteversion is one cause of intoeing. With excessive femoral anteversion, the top of the thigh bone (femur) is rotated, causing the foot to turn in. Intoeing due to excessive femoral anteversion is generally most noticeable when a child is between ages three and seven.

What is an Anteverted hip?

Also called hip anteversion, femoral anteversion is a forward (inward) rotation in the femur (thighbone), which connects to the pelvis to form the hip joint. In other words the knee is excessively twisted inward relative to the hip. Femoral anteversion can occur in one or both legs.

What causes hip Retroversion?

Femoral retroversion is often a congenital condition, meaning children are born with it. It also appears to be related to the position of the baby as it grows in the womb. Torsional deformity can also occur after a fracture, if a broken bone heals with incorrectly (called malunion).