What causes spastic quadriplegia?
Spastic quadriplegia is generally caused by brain damage either before birth, during, or shortly after. Many factors can play into an infant developing brain damage, including prematurity, fetal infections or stroke, maternal infections or medical conditions, exposure to toxins, or medical negligence.
What are differential diagnosis for cerebral palsy?
Cerebral palsy must be differentiated from other diseases that cause spasticity, hypotonia, ataxia, and dystonia such as inherited metabolic disorders, intellectual disability, metabolic myopathies, metabolic neuropathy, traumatic peripheral nerve lesions, tumors of the conus and cauda equina and vascular malformations …
Is spastic a quadriplegic?
Spastic quadriplegia, also known as spastic tetraplegia, is a subset of spastic cerebral palsy that affects all four limbs (both arms and legs). Compared to quadriplegia, spastic tetraplegia is defined by spasticity of the limbs as opposed to strict paralysis….
How common is spastic quadriplegia?
Spastic diplegia Known as diplegia, this will affect two of the limbs (the legs) rather than the whole body. About one in five children with CP have spastic diplegia, which is also known as Little’s Disease, named after the doctor who first wrote about this form of Cerebral Palsy.
Is Athetosis a dyskinesia?
Athetosis is another characteristic of dyskinetic cerebral palsy, marked by slow twitching and wriggling movements.
What is Diplegia in cerebral palsy?
Spastic diplegia (or diparesis) is a subtype of spastic cerebral palsy in which the legs are the most affected limbs. People with spastic diplegia often have a “scissor walk,” characterized by the knees turning inward/crossing. This is due to tightness in the hip and leg muscles.
Can you walk with spastic quadriplegia?
While the majority of individuals with spastic quadriplegia may be unable to walk, many are still capable of functional activity. For example, individuals who are classified with a GMFCS level of 5 may be able to attain self-mobility by learning how to use a power wheelchair.
What does spasticity in legs feel like?
Spasticity may be as mild as the feeling of tightness of muscles or may be so severe as to produce painful, uncontrollable spasms of extremities, usually of the legs. Spasticity may also produce feelings of pain or tightness in and around joints, and can cause low back pain.