What are uses of paraldehyde?
Paraldehyde is used to treat certain convulsive disorders. It also has been used in the treatment of alcoholism and in the treatment of nervous and mental conditions to calm or relax patients who are nervous or tense and to produce sleep.
What is the structure of paraldehyde?
What is the chemical name of paraldehyde?
|Structure||Find Similar Structures|
|Chemical Safety||Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary (LCSS) Datasheet|
|Synonyms||PARALDEHYDE 2,4,6-Trimethyl-1,3,5-trioxane 123-63-7 Paracetaldehyde Acetaldehyde trimer More…|
How do you make paraldehyde?
Paraldehyde is produced for commerce by polymerizing acetaldehyde with a trace of sulfuric acid; the resulting liquid is then neutralized with calcium carbonate and purified by fractional distillation. Paraldehyde boils at 124° C (255° F) and melts at a temperature of 12.5° C (54.5° F).
How long does Paraldehyde last?
Side Effects Paraldehyde will cause your breath to have a strong unpleasant odor. This effect will last until about one day after you have stopped using this medicine.
What are the side effects of paraldehyde?
Paraldehyde does not usually cause any side-effects. Some children may have a rash or irritation around their rectum after administration. Other side effects include drowsiness and (rarely) hypoventilation (breathing at a rate of less than 12 breaths per minute).
What is the storage condition for paraldehyde?
A colourless liquid, it is sparingly soluble in water and highly soluble in ethanol. Paraldehyde slowly oxidizes in air, turning brown and producing an odour of acetic acid. It quickly reacts with most plastics and rubber….Paraldehyde.
What is paraldehyde and metaldehyde?
Paraldehyde is the cyclic trimer of acetaldehyde molecules. It is a derivative of 1,3,5-trioxane. Metaldehyde is a cyclic tetramer of CH3CHO and is a white solid. It is commonly used as a pesticide against slugs, snails, and other gastropods.
How do you administer paraldehyde?
How is a paraldehyde and olive oil enema given?
- put on a pair of gloves.
- lay your child on their left side.
- draw up the required dose from the bottle using the syringe.
- attach the tube to the end of the syringe.
- insert the tube a few centimetres into your child’s rectum.
Why paraldehyde is used as a sedative?
Anaesthetics, hypnotics and sedatives Like chloral hydrate, paraldehyde has been in use as a sedative for a considerable length of time. It is a polymer of acetaldehyde and on exposure to light and air it decomposes to form acetaldehyde. It also oxidizes to acetic acid.
How long does paraldehyde last?
How do you administer Paraldehyde injection?
- Adult: For cases associated with tetanus, status epilepticus, or poisoning: 5-10 mL via deep inj into the buttocks. Do not give >5 mL/inj site.
- Adult: 10 mL via deep inj into the buttocks. Do not give >5 mL/inj site.
- Adult: 5 mL via deep inj into the buttocks. Do not give >5 mL/inj site.