What are the main ingredients in a bomb?

What are the main ingredients in a bomb?

many commonly available materials, such as fertilizer, gunpowder, and hydrogen peroxide, can be used as explosive materials in IEDs (see table ). Explosives must contain a fuel and an oxidizer, which provides the oxygen needed to sustain the reaction.

What are dirty bomb made of?

A dirty bomb is a mix of explosives, such as dynamite, with radioactive powder or pellets. When the dynamite or other explosives are set off, the blast carries radioactive material into the surrounding area.

How do you make urea nitrate?

Urea nitrate is produced in one step by reaction of urea with nitric acid. This is an exothermic reaction, so steps must be taken to control the temperature. Urea nitrate explosions may be initiated using a blasting cap.

Is iodine used in bombs?

Sources of Radioactive Iodine Radioactive iodine1 is a byproduct of the fission of uranium atoms. Two processes that lead to the creation of radioiodine are the fission of uranium as fuel in nuclear reactors and its use as an explosive material in atomic bombs.

What are salted nukes?

A salted bomb is a nuclear weapon designed to function as a radiological weapon, producing enhanced quantities of radioactive fallout, rendering a large area uninhabitable. A salted bomb is able to contaminate a much larger area than a dirty bomb.

What is the most powerful eXplosive material?

PETN. One of the most powerful explosive chemicals known to us is PETN, which contains nitro groups which are similar to that in TNT and the nitroglycerin in dynamite. But the presence of more of these nitro groups means it explodes with more power.

What are 2 types of high explosives?

High explosives will be referred to Type E explosives, and there will be three sub-types in this group:

  • 1 – blasting and bulk explosives (explosives used for commercial blasting applications or for their manufacture);
  • 2 – perforating explosives (intended for use in the oil and gas well industry);

What is the bomb-making materials awareness course?

Description: The Bomb-Making Materials Awareness: Your Role course uses an immersive, graphic novel style storytelling approach to educate and empower community members on how to identify and report suspicious activity and purchasing behaviors related to bomb-making materials. You can register for this course here.

How much fissile material is needed to build an atomic bomb?

Amount of fissile material needed to build an atomic bomb HEU (enriched to 90 percent U-235) Simple gun-type nuclear weapon 90 to 110 lbs. (40 to 50 kg) Simple implosion weapon 33 lbs (15 kg) Sophisticated implosion weapon 20 to 26 lbs. (9 to 12 kg) Plutonium Simple implosion weapon 14 lbs. (6 kg)

What are the different types of explosive materials?

1 Compressed gas. Relatively small explosions can be produced by pressurizing a container until catastrophic failure such as with a dry ice bomb. 2 Low explosive. The simplest and oldest bombs store energy in the form of a low explosive. 3 High explosive. 4 Thermobaric. 5 Nuclear fission.

How do plutonium-based nuclear weapons work?

Plutonium-based nuclear weapons only work as implosion weapons, with more sophisticated weapons using less plutonium. The Union of Concerned Scientists’ Preventing Nuclear Terrorism Project seeks to prevent terrorists from acquiring nuclear weapons and the fissile materials—plutonium or highly enriched uranium (HEU)—needed to make them.