What are 2 common diseases health issues in calves?

What are 2 common diseases health issues in calves?

There are two major disease problems in calves in Asia: namely scours and pneumonia. These two would account for more than 80% of all calf deaths, with scouring being the most common. Bloat, navel-ill, accidents and poisoning would make up the bulk of the remaining mortalities.

How do you diagnose a sick calf?

We’ll first just list some symptoms and then talk about what might cause them: •Leaves some feed or quits eating entirely •Dull eyes, not alert, droopy ears •Diarrhea (scours) •Runny nose •Dry nose •Cough •Temperature •Swollen or puffy left side •Limping •Unusual skin conditions As we’ve said before, if calves leave …

What are the common diseases of calves?

Three important disease problems for young calves are septicemia, diarrhea, and pneumonia. This edition of Mastitis Minute will discuss factors and potential sources of infection on the farm that put young dairy calves at risk of developing these diseases.

What do you give a sick calf?

Be sure the sick pen has good shelter, water, and loose salt available to the calves. Give dehy- drated, depressed calves 2 quarts of electrolytes 2 to 3 times per day and, if they are not suckling, 2 to 4 quarts of milk also. Calves that cannot stand should be deliv- ered to the veterinarian for IV fluids immediately.

What is septicemia calf?

Septicemia in calves is usually the result of a bacterial infection that occurs while the calf is in the uterus, during, at or immediately after birth. The route of infection can be the blood of a sick dam, an infected placenta, the calf’s umbilical stump, mouth, nose (inhalation) or wound.

What is bovine Johne’s disease?

Bovine Johne’s (pronounced ‘yo-nees’) disease is a fatal wasting disease of cattle, goats, alpaca and deer caused by a chronic bacterial infection. There is no treatment for BJD. While certain antibiotics may provide some temporary relief, infected cattle will inevitably die.

What are the symptoms of pneumonia in calves?

6 signs of pneumonia in calves to look out for

  • Temperature. Take the rectal temperature.
  • Nasal discharge. Look for a small amount of cloudy discharge up to excessive mucus discharge.
  • Coughing and increased respiration rate. Pinch the calf’s throat gently.
  • Slow feed intake.
  • Eye discharge.
  • Ears.

How do I know if my calf has a fever?

The most common tell-tale signs that BRDC may be impacting your cattle are:

  1. Lack of Appetite: Sick calves don’t eat.
  2. Fever: Typically, sick calves have fevers between 104 and 108°F.
  3. Depression: Calves demonstrating depression will exhibit a bowed back, drooping ears and an extended head.

How do I stop my calves from being sick?

Calving Advice: 8 Ways To Prevent Calf Diseases

  1. Calve in a clean, dry environment.
  2. The solution to pollution is dilution.
  3. Keep the herd out of the barn.
  4. Ensuring calves get adequate colostrum is easy in a dairy situation, but with beef cows, we don’t always know if the calves have nursed or how much.

How do I know if my calf has pneumonia?

Clinical signs of calf pneumonia include: A temperature of greater that 39.5º Celcius; Increased breathing rate and effort; Coughing; A nasal discharge which is initially clear and watery, but becomes thick and pus-like as the disease progresses.

What are the symptoms of coccidiosis in calves?

“Feeding an ionophore to the cows for reducing the overall coccidia parasites present in the environment also has the benefit of improving feed efficiency,” he adds.