How would you describe a Colles fracture?
A Colles’ fracture is a type of fracture of the distal forearm in which the broken end of the radius is bent backwards. Symptoms may include pain, swelling, deformity, and bruising. Complications may include damage to the median nerve. It typically occurs as a result of a fall on an outstretched hand.
How do you classify a distal radius fracture?
- type I: transverse metaphyseal fracture.
- type II: type I + ulnar styloid fracture.
- type III: fracture involves the radiocarpal joint.
- type IV: type III + ulnar styloid fracture.
- type V: transverse fracture involves distal radioulnar joint.
- type VI: type V + ulnar styloid fracture.
What are the three eponymous classifications of a distal radius fracture?
This article will name and focus on the three most common eponymous distal radius fracture types, the Colles’ fracture, the Smith’s fracture, and the Barton’s fracture. The Colles’ fractures are the most common type of wrist fracture, accounting for 90% of all distal radius fractures.
How do you examine a Colles fracture?
Colles’ fracture diagnosis Your doctor may be able to tell that you’ve fractured your wrist based on a physical exam. With these types of fractures, the wrist may bend in an awkward way or look abnormal. Often, your doctor will order an x-ray to confirm the condition, location, and severity of the break.
What is Colles fracture management?
A fracture with mild angulation and displacement may require closed reduction. Significant angulation and deformity may require an open reduction and internal fixation or external fixation. The volar forearm splint is best for temporary immobilisation of forearm, wrist and hand fractures, including Colles fracture.
How is a Colles fracture treated?
If your fracture isn’t serious, your doctor might place your wrist in a lightweight cast or splint and let it heal. They may need to straighten the bone if the fracture is displaced. This procedure, called a reduction, is done before your wrist is put in the cast. In most cases, the cast is taken off after a few weeks.
What is a Colles fracture NHS?
A Colles fracture is a break in the radius bone of the forearm, just above the wrist. Colles Fracture. After your plaster is removed. Your wrist has been in plaster so that the bone ends can stay in the correct position and be protected while healing.
Does a Colles fracture need surgery?
This type of injury occurs more often in older people with brittle bones, and in children, whose bones tend to be soft. It can be treated successfully with surgery, although recovery may be slow.
What is the clinical presentation of Colles fracture?
The clinical presentation of Colles fracture is frequently described as a dinner fork deformity – distal fracture of the radius causes posterior displacement of the distal fragment, causing the forearm to be angled posteriorly just proximal to the wrist.
What is a Colles fracture of the forearm?
What is a Colles Fracture? A true Colles Fracture is a complete fracture of the radius bone of the forearm close to the wrist resulting in an upward (posterior) displacement of the radius and obvious deformity. It is commonly called a “broken wrist” although the distal radius is the location of the fracture, not the carpal bones of the wrist.
What is a Class 2 tooth fracture?
tooth Class II – Fracture of the crown involving both enamel and dentin without exposure of the pulp and with or without loosening or displacement of the tooth Class III – Fracture of the crown exposing the pulp, with or without loosening or displacement of the tooth Class IV – Fracture of the root with or without
What are the different classes of dental crown fractures?
Class I – Simple crown fracture with little or no dentin affected Class II- Extensive crown fracture with considerable loss of dentin, but with the pulp not affected. Class III- Extensive crown fracture with considerable loss of dentin and pulp exposure. Class IV – A tooth devitalized by trauma with or without loss of tooth structure.