How is the process of translation different in prokaryotes and eukaryotes?

How is the process of translation different in prokaryotes and eukaryotes?

Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic translations are involved in protein synthesis. The key difference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic translation is that eukaryotic translation and transcription is an asynchronous process whereas prokaryotic translation and transcription is a synchronous process.

How are the processes of transcription and translation the same between prokaryotes and eukaryotes?

In eukaryotic cells, the transcription process takes place within the nucleus and the resulting mRNA transcript is transported to the cytoplasm where it’s involved in translation. In prokaryotes, on the other hand, transcription takes place in the cytoplasm where the genetic material is located.

What is the process of translation in prokaryotes?

Translation involves translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis. It is the process in which ribosomes in the cytoplasm or ER synthesize proteins after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA.

Where does the process of translation occur in cells both prokaryotic and eukaryotic?

Prokaryotic transcription and translation occur simultaneously in the cytoplasm, and regulation occurs at the transcriptional level. Eukaryotic gene expression is regulated during transcription and RNA processing, which take place in the nucleus, and during protein translation, which takes place in the cytoplasm.

How does translation occur in eukaryotes?

In bacteria, mRNA is translated into protein as soon as it is transcribed. Thus, in eukaryotes, while transcription occurs in the nucleus, translation occurs in the cytoplasm. In other words, eukaryotic transcription and translation are spatially and temporally isolated.

What is translation write the steps involved in translation in eukaryotes?

There are three major steps to translation: Initiation, Elongation, and Termination. The ribosome is made of two separate subunits: the small subunit and the large subunit. During initiation the small subunit attaches to the 5′ end of mRNA. It then moves in the 5′ → 3′ direction.

What cellular processes occur in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

Both eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms get the energy they need to grow and maintain normal cellular function through cellular respiration. Cellular respiration has three main stages: glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, and electron transport.

What is the translation process?

Translation is the process by which a protein is synthesized from the information contained in a molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA). Translation occurs in a structure called the ribosome, which is a factory for the synthesis of proteins.

What occurs in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

Both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells have structures in common. All cells have a plasma membrane, ribosomes, cytoplasm, and DNA. Ribosomes are the non-membrane bound organelles where proteins are made, a process called protein synthesis.

Where do transcription and translation takes place in prokaryotic cell?

(a) In prokaryotes, the processes of transcription and translation occur simultaneously in the cytoplasm, allowing for a rapid cellular response to an environmental cue.